Custom Orthotics & Bracing
Custom orthotics plays a vital role to maintain proper foot biomechanics are key to correct body movement and function. Dysfunctional joints, muscles, or tendons within the feet, if left unattended, may cause disruption in foot mechanics. This can initiate pain within the feet, which possibly may cause biomechanical compensations resulting in knee, hip, and or low back pain. A solution may involve the use of custom made orthotics, custom made to fit you.
The most common form of bad foot biomechanics is over-pronation, which is the dropping of the arches and rolling inwards of the feet and ankles which affects an estimated 70% of the population. Orthotic insoles correct over-pronation and realign the foot and ankle bones to their neutral position, restoring natural foot function. In turn, this will help alleviate problems not only in the feet, but also in other parts of the body, such as knees, hips and lower back.
Doctors may prescribe orthotics to treat several medical conditions. Such as-
- Arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis can cause discomfort in the feet and poor positioning that orthotics may help to correct.
- Back pain: Sometimes poor positioning of the feet, such as arches that roll inward, or lack of cushioning can cause pain that orthotics can lessen.
- Bunions: Bunions are painful bumps that can develop at the base of the big toe and cause foot deformities. Orthotics with a wide toe box can help to reduce pressure on the big toe.
- Bursitis: Inflammation of fluid-filled sacs in the heels and toes can cause bursitis pain and discomfort. Orthotics with heel and arch support can help to reduce bursitis discomfort.
- Diabetes: Sometimes, a person with diabetes can lose sensation in their feet, a condition known as diabetic neuropathy. When this occurs, orthotics can help to reduce excess stress and pressure that can lead to foot ulcers.
- Flat Feet: Flat feet can cause foot, ankle, and back pain. Orthotics can help to support the feet and promote proper foot positioning.
- Hammer Toes: Hammer toes often occur as a side effect of bunions on the big toe. They cause second-toe pain and deformities on the ball of the foot. Orthotics can provide additional support to the feet and reduce the likelihood that hammer toes will worsen.
- Heel Spurs: Heel spurs are conditions where excess bone grows on the back or bottom of the heel. Orthotics can support the foot and reduce inflammation.
- Painful Pes Cavus (High arches): Very high arches can stress muscles in the feet and lead to a number of conditions, such as shin splints, knee pain, and plantar fasciitis. Orthotics can help prevent a person’s feet from rolling excessively inward or outward.
- Injuries: People who’ve experienced trauma to their feet and ankles may require extra support during the healing process with orthotics.
- Plantar Fasciitis: Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain. Doctors may sometimes recommend orthotics to support the heel and foot.
Orthopedic braces protect, stabilize, support and correct injuries or abnormal alignment through the process of rehabilitation and recovery. They are used in injury rehabilitation, injury prevention, osteoarthritic care, post-operative care and more. At Physiomount Physiotherapist works closely with you and your medical professional to determine the level of stability, type of support, function and fit that the orthopedic brace should provide.
3D Scanning For Custom Orthotics Therapy
Orthotics harbours a wide coverage of equipment used to prevent or rehabilitate an injury or improve the quality of life. Various types of orthotics can be used during or after treatment.
At Physiomount, we also use a 3D scanner for orthotics. As we use the 3D scanner, we precisely capture the anatomical shape of the foot. Once we get the 3D scan, we import it to the computer, where we modify the design as required. By using the captured measurements together with the initial biomechanical assessment, a treatment plan can be decided upon.
3D scanning provides good validity, and in the case of an abnormal foot, it can scan for deformities before the presence of foot erosions. Similarly, treatments like foot orthoses ‘orthotics prescription’ and customized shoes or insoles can be provided. Getting an effective 3D is essential to obtaining the correct fit.